Cultural economy of landscape: development pathways in the English lake district
Authors: Allen Scott / Anno:
A brief characterization of the cultural economy of landscape is provided, with special reference to the English Lake District. The early development of tourism in the region in relation to its natural, literary, and artistic assets is described. I examine the cultural economy of landscape in relation to three critical social groups, namely, producers of local goods and services, residents, and visitors/tourists. The special role of institutions of collective order in managing the cultural economy is alluded to. After a short statistical description of social and economic conditions in the Lake District today, I offer a detailed account of the main elements of the tourist experience. Here, attention is devoted to (a) the natural environment and its attractions, (b) the historical-artistic patrimony of the region, and (c) the growing importance of food, cuisine, and crafts within the local economy. I show, in addition, how these elements of the cultural economy combine with a complex institutional milieu to generate a path-dependent trajectory of development. In the conclusion I present a few remarks on the concept of creative regions and the senses in which the English Lake District might and might not be associated with this concept.